Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation

During the last three decades, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has posed one of the greatest disease related challenges to the people of the World, particularly to those in developing countries. According to the 2010 UNAIDS (the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS) Report on the global AIDS epidemic, a total of 33.3 million people were living with HIV. Though the pandemic affected every country in the world, developing countries particularly those in Sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionately affected. By the end of 2009, it was estimated that 22.5 million (67.6%) of the World’s HIV infected population, 1.8 million (69.2%) of new infections and 1.3 million (72.2%) of AIDS related deaths occurred in this region.

Governmental and non-governmental organizations in different countries have been implementing variety of interventions to prevent new infections. Promising achievements have been made in terms of decreasing the incidence of HIV, reflecting the collective effectiveness of different interventions in place.

Given the fact that most new infections occur among young people particularly among girls, preventing HIV transition among young people is central to maintain a decreasing trend in HIV incidence in developing countries.
Addressing the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young people in a comprehensive way facilitates the prevention of HIV transmission while at the same time addressing other problems of public health importance like unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections.

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